Content – Aim of the course
The goal of Synthetic Biology is the synthesis of new biological systems that do not normally occur in nature and which have novel characteristics and traits. At a basic level Synthetic Biology deconstructs biological processes, for instance the production of a protein from a gene, and subsequently reconstructs products so as to generate a new system with a unique new function. In other words, Synthetic Biology aims to create living systems from scratch and to attribute novel functions to them. In this manner, Synthetic Biology contributes to the better understanding of the principles of biology, but also comprises a source of novel products with high added value, for instance cheap drugs form microorganisms, bacteria that produce energy or remediate dangerous environmental contaminants, programmed bacteria that search for and destroy tumors within an organism, and many more applications. This introductory course focuses both on the principles of this new science and on its applications.