Content – Aim of the course
The modern science of genetics originated in 1866 when Gregor Mendel’s discoveries on the inheritance of characteristics in peas were published. Later on, the discovery of DNA as the genetic material in 1944 will trigger rapid advancements in the field of Genetics and profound achievements in Molecular Genetics. Nowadays, modern Genetics is a discipline present in a wide range of science study programmes, as the field of Biology studying the heritability, the diversity of living organisms and the evolution of species.
The course aims to a precise presentation of the basic ideas, principles and rules of heritability, incorporating wherever possible the recent scientific findings. It is designed to introduce students to the structure, organization and expression of genetic material and to provide them with the necessary background for the understanding of the molecular basis of biodiversity.